Initium Sapientae Timor Domini.




History of the Congregation and Life of Mother Ignacia

Del Espiritu Santo


The few primary sources and historical documents available yield enough information to reconstruct the story of Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo and the community she founded.


M. Ignacia  del Espiritu Santo was born. Lived and died during the Spanish colonial era in the Philippines. The Precise date of her birth is not known. Her baptismal record mention only the date of her baptism, March 4, 1663. This confirms the statement of Pedro Murillo Velarde that Ignacia was 21 years old in 1684. Ignacia was the eldest and the sole surviving child of Maria  Jeronima, an yndia, and Jusepe Luco, a pure Chinese Immigrants from Amoy, China, who was converted to the Catholic faith in 1652 and resided in Binondo, Manila.


When Ignacia was 21 years old, her parents wanted her to marry. Heeding a call deep within but not  wanting to disappoint her parents. Ignacia sought counsel  from Fr. Paul Klein, a Jesuit priest from Bohemia who arrived in Manila in 1682. The priest gave her the Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius. After this period of solitude and prayer, Ignacia decided to “remain in the service of the Divine Majesty” and to “live by the sweat of her face.” She left home and brought with her only a needle and a pair of scissors. She started to live alone in the house located at the back of the Jesuit College of Manila. Her life of prayer and labor attracted yndias who also felt called to the religious life but could not be admitted into the existing congregation at that time. M. Ignacia accepted these women into her de la Compania de Jesus because they frequently received the sacraments at the Church of St. Ignatius, performed many acts devotion there and had the Jesuits fathers for their spiritual directors and confessors.


M. Ignacia centered her life on the suffering Christ and tried to imitate him though a life of service and humility. She prayed earnestly to God and performed penances to move God to have mercy on them. Her spirituality of humble was expressed in her capacity to forgive, to bear wrongs patiently and to correct with gentleness and meekness. This spirituality was manifest in peace and harmony in the community, mutual love and union of wills, witnessing to the love of Christ and the maternal care of the Blessed Mother.


This spirituality sustained the beatas in their moments of difficulties especially during times of extreme poverty, when they even had to beg for rice and salt and scour the streets for firewood. The beatas continued to support themselves by the labor of their hands and sometimes received some financial help from pious people. In all these, they did not cease to thank God and to trust in divine providence.


The growing number of beatas called for a more stable lifestyle and a set or rules. A daily schedule was drawn up and community practices were defined. Following the spirit of St. Ignatius, M. Ignacia exhorted her beatas to live always in the presence of God and to develop great purity of heart. She also emphasized charity in the community which was dedicated to the Blessed Mother. The spirit of Mary runs through the rules which were written for the guidance of the beatas. In defining her style of leadership, M. Ignacia drew inspiration from the Blessed Virgin Mary. She strove to be  the living image of Mary to her companions and exhorted them to take Mary as their model in following Jesus.


M. Ignacia gradually realized that the beaterio was called by God not only to a life of prayer and penance but also to apostolic service. The beaterio admitted young girls as boarders who were taught Christian doctrines as well as works proper to them. M. Ignacia decided to give up her responsibility as superior of the house. She lived as an ordinary member until her death on September 10, 1748. Murillo Velarde saw this as a great sign of her humility. She had no desire to command and control. In his estimation, she was a “true valiant woman” who overcame the great difficulties which she met in the foundation from the beginning to the end. She was “mortified, patient, devout, spiritual, zealous for the good of souls.”


A few months before her death, the Archbishop initiated a process of securing royal protection for the Beaterio. M. Ignacia died without knowing the response of the Spanish king but her long life in the beaterio must have taught her to trust in the providence of God. Little did she expect that the beaterio would become a congregation and continue to exist until today, more than 300 years after her death. This congregation, now known as the Religious of the Virgin Mary, is a living testimony to her life as God’s handmaid who opened the door of religious life to native women in the Philippines. She proved that God of all people, of whatever color or race.


The royal protection granted in 1755 guaranteed the safety of the beatas but it did not recognize the beaterio as a community of religious women. It was ordained to remain as a pious association. The beatas, faithful to the spirit of their foundress M. Ignacia, continued to live the religious life even without being officially recognized as such. The expulsion of the Jesuits in 1768 was another blow to the beatas. They lost their spiritual guides but they continued to enjoy the solicitude of the Archbishop of Manila and other Churchmen. In the spirit of M. Ignacia the beatas lived by the sweat of their faces and persevered in their service of God through education and retreat work. Despite attempts by the Governor-general to change the nature of the beaterio, the beatas remained true to the vision and charisma of M. Ignacia and survived the dark years.


The growth of the beaterio into a Congregation and its response to the apostolic challenges of the times show the vitality of the spirit of M. Ignacia. Indeed, her lamp continues to shine as her daughters courageously strive to respond with zeal to the call of mission in different contexts.


The story of the Congregation that has grown from the small Beaterio of M. Ignacia continues to unfold. It bears witness to the enduring vitality and strength of the foundation, the spirituality of m. Ignacia. The lamp she lit to guide the path of native women aspiring to the religious life and the maturity of faith continues to shine. It remains undimmed. The life of this lowly yndia and the fruits of her spirituality proclaim the immense goodness of God whose generosity is unbounded. M. Ignacia trusted in the loving providence of God and she was never disappointed.



Abstract: Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo

A Lamp to Our Path

 by: S. Maria Anicia Co, RVM




Prayer for Beatification of

Mother Ignacia

Del Espiritu Santo


Father in Heaven, Your name is glorified over all the earth in Your saints, men and women, distinguished by a whole-hearted service and love for you.  Through them You have established religious congregations in Your Church.  In Your goodness and mercy, You have looked with favor on your people in the Philippines and have chosen from among them your lowly handmaid IGNACIA DEL ESPIRITU SANTO to be the foundress of a religious family under the special protection of the Blessed Virgin Mary.  We humbly ask You, then to glorify Your name in her by performing the miracles needed for her beatification through Your Son, our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. (petition)


May her prayers and intercession obtain for us the favor we ask for, particularly that of remaining ever faithful to your love and service. AMEN.


Mother Ignacia Del Espiritu Santo intercede for us.



Pastoral Letter


Circular No. 04; Series of 1987

January 13, 1987





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